Information Processing Biases in Behaviorally Inhibited Children Response to Threat and Novelty

Authors: Marlena Szpunar and Arlene R. Young

Address: Arlene Young, Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, RCB 5246, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6. E-mail: aryoung@sfu.ca

Source: Child Health and Education; 2009, Vol. 1, Iss. 1, pp. 32-43.

ISSN: 1911-7558

Peer-Reviewed: Yes

Language: English

Résumé/Abstract:  

This study investigated selective attention to threat stimuli as a function of behaviorally inhibited temperament and stimuli familiarity. Forty children (ages 8–14) played a memory game in order to familiarize them with a set of faces depicted in photographs. These faces were later used along with novel faces in a pictorial dot probe task including novelty (familiar vs. novel) and threat (angry vs. neutral) conditions. BI was assessed using two self-report questionnaires. Children with BI exhibited an attentional bias towards threat, and they responded faster to unfamiliar faces across trials. There was no evidence for avoidance of threat following initial vigilance.

Article (English)

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